Why Somalia is Against Ethiopia's Control of the Port of Berbera Featured

By Gamal Khattab January 05, 2024 2354

 

Somalia is really mad about Ethiopia and Somaliland's agreement to use the port of Berbera. They rejected the agreement and even called their ambassador back from Ethiopia. They think this agreement is a threat to peace and stability in the region.

What is Berbera?

Berbera is a port in Africa that is located on the southern coast of the Gulf of Aden. It's an important entrance to the Red Sea, which leads to the Suez Canal. Ethiopia wants to use this port and even have a military base there.

Why was the agreement made?

The agreement between Ethiopia and Somaliland was a surprise because just last week, Somalia and Somaliland agreed to talk and solve their problems. Ethiopia wants a port on the Red Sea because it's a landlocked country and needs access to waters for trade. They think it's really important for their country's future.

Why is Somalia against the agreement?

Somalia thinks Somaliland is part of their country, so they don't want this agreement because it goes against their sovereignty and unity, as they say. They want to protect their land and people.

What is Somaliland?

Somaliland is a region in the Horn of Africa, north of Somalia. It declared independence in 1991 when the central government in Somalia collapsed. It's not recognized by most world countries as an independent state.

What could happen next?

Somalia is determined to defend their country and won't allow anyone to take their land, sea, or sky. They want international organizations to support them and make Ethiopia follow the rules. Some experts are worried that this could lead to war in the region.