Judges of the International Criminal Court authorized on 14 November an investigation into alleged crimes against humanity, namely deportation, which have forced between 600,000 and one million Rohingya refugees out of Myanmar into neighboring Bangladesh since 2016.
The ICC is the world’s only permanent criminal tribunal that prosecutes those who participate in genocide and crimes against humanity.
The Court explained that there exists a reasonable basis to believe that “persecution on grounds of ethnicity and/or religion against the Rohingya population” may have been committed.
The top Prosecutor said that sufficient legal conditions had been met to open an investigation under the Rome Statute, the founding treaty of the ICC, that seeks to protect communities from genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression.
Myanmar has rejected the decision, saying that the ICC has no jurisdiction over the country because it is not a party to the Rome Statute.