Date: 31 Muharram 1442   Friday 18 September 2020

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The Sudan and the crises of change

23:34 11 June 2020 Author :  

Last Wednesday June 10, 2020, popular demonstrations burst against the government headed by Abdullah Hamdok in the Sudan, after months of the military coup against the Al-Bashir regime, and the formation of a government and a civilian military sovereign council headed by Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, the commander of the Sudanese army.

The government and the Sovereign Council have failed to make any progress in the areas of the development and the economic rescue of the country. The Sudan faces possibilities of an economic collapse due to the financial deficit, economic conditions and the international interventions in light of the coronavirus pandemic and the deterioration of the country's health system.

Crowds of popular rallies moved to sit in front of the Sudanese army headquarters due to the government’s policy of firing a large number of state employees, confiscating many companies and personal properties without relying on fair trials, and without permission from the Attorney General in the Sudan, in addition to firing thousands of civil servants of the government workers in the previous months, claiming to be corrupted appointments.

Likewise, the Minister of Finance took an individual decision to increase the salaries of the government employees by more than 550 times of the current salaries without a real financial budget, so, the salaries of the state employees were paid one month, and the government was unable to pay the salaries of the following month; Which left the government and the people in great dilemma.

Nonetheless, what has exploded the situation even more is what opponents of the government have called "the deception of the Sudanese people." Under the guidance of the British, Prime Minister Hamdok, on his own, sent a letter to the UN commission demanding that the Sudan to be placed under both Chapter VI and Chapter VII of the UN Charter for the maintenance of peace and international security for the Sudan. Hamdok was able to pass this request urgently, and within three days his request was responded to and the matter was submitted to the Security Council.

When it turned out, the National Security Council met, rejected the letter, and sent an alternative letter, which was adopted by the Security Council.

Thus, the army felt the deception that was trying to place the Sudan under the tutelage of the international forces and control the leadership of the Sudanese army.

Therefore, the living, social, political and security situation is volatile, and the marches come on Wednesday, 10 June 2020, as an expression of the will of the opposition to the government's policies that do not express the needs of the citizens or their national will.

The state faces the prospect of total collapse, as the Sudan is experiencing a crisis in fuel, electricity, water, diesel, gas and food, and the government has not achieved any success in these areas, especially in the absence of a strategic state stockpile.

The government took advantage of the coronavirus pandemic to extend the ban periods in order to prevent the movement of the Sudanese masses and people against the government. Once the ban was lifted, the Sudanese masses moved, filled the roads, closed the bridges, erected barricades and headed to the Sudanese headquarters.

The government front

A few days ago, there was a disagreement between the components of the Sudanese professionals' bloc, and there was a major defection in this gathering, and this gathering acknowledged the failure of the government and the failure of the revolution to achieve its goals and apologized to the Sudanese people, as they claim that the Communist Party stole the revolution and took a majority in the government, positions and appointments.

This professionals' bloc is the main component of the revolution, and the pot of the Sudanese youths that has sought change.

As for the group of the Sudanese parties, which is a group of major parties, the left-wing parties and the Communist Party, differences occurred between them, and the Communist Party was able, with its experience, tactics and maneuvers, to account for the government and the positions; Resulting in the disintegration of this front.

The Sudanese army

The Sudanese army is represented in the Council of Sovereignty, where the disagreements between the army and the civilian government have begun to grow. The army was deeply shocked by the deception caused by the attempt to place it under the command and hegemony of the international force. But, the Military Council is still under Abdul Fattah al-Burhan, who has privileged ties with the UAE, as well as Hamidati, the vice president, who also has interests with the UAE and supports the coalition in Yemen. There is no doubt that the weakness of the Military Council members in the face of the encircled national sovereign authorities of the Sudan will keep the Sovereign Council under the control of the international variables and regional interventions, reflecting negatively on the morale of the patriots in the Sudanese army, thereby posing to the instability of the Sudan.

Likewise, Hamidati could not reach solutions with the armed forces fighting the state in Juba, which is supported externally, and which aim to control its areas without commitment to the state, and these forces have not reached an understanding with the Sudanese government.

Is the Sudan approaching a new popular revolution, or going towards a corrective internal military change?

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